BEARING GIFTS & POLITICAL GOODWILL – PART 1
Biblical, Christian history teaches that when the Son of God, Jesus Christ, was born to Joseph & Mary in Bethlehem of Judea in ancient Israel, the Magi or “priests- wise men” of the East heard that a “new King of the Jews was born”. Because of the socio-political power of Kings and religious faith in those days, the Magi from the East, haven seen and followed the “star” to Bethlehem, went with gifts of “gold, frankincense and myrrh” for the new King, paid the traditional respects and worshiped the new-born King.
Fellow Brothers and Sisters — during these days in our troubled Land, Liberia, and the other “Third Word”, formerly colonized (by the West) & non-colonized “Developing countries”, now entrapped by and in profound moral decadence, inordinate mind-boggling graft and greed; drowned/drowning in lies, deceit, criminal activities such as roaring corruption, thievery, drug trafficking, money laundering (by financial-service institutions of banks, microfinance usury-lenders, insurance companies, etc.); politically-connected, wheeler-dealer-lawyers, instant-millionaires-criminals made possible from stolen public resources; and con-artists, bandits, murderers, all within the culture of impunity — we say unto you that it is about time to be alert, take note and “Beware of the Wise men (and Women) from the West bearing gifts and good will” for the impoverished peoples of the “Third World Developing Countries”.
Past, Recent Past and Prevailing Condition The facts of our history of the Past, Recent Past and the Prevailing Conditions are replete with deceit, lies, exploitation, treachery, human suffering and death brought upon unsuspected, colonized non-colonized peoples, although freed, developing countries and peoples. That history, in many of the former colonized and non-colonized developing countries, had been, and still is, characterized by racial discrimination/segregation, socio-cultural hatred, denial of civil-political liberties and socio-economic and political exploitation, up to this writing.
The Wise Men (and Women) from the West The Wise men (and Women) from the West, reportedly bearing gifts and goodwill, come today prepared with suitcases loaded with US Greenbacks, British Pounds, European Euros, French Francs, German Marks, etc., not for “gifts”, nor for any humanitarian purpose, but with this wealth, the wise Men (and women) from the West have been, and are, determined to finance developing countries’ clandestine, opposition political parties and related “revolutionaries” through bribery to infiltrate legitimate parliaments, in order to ram through, also, through bribery, illegitimate legislations, including assassinations, civilian or military over-throws/coup d’états against legitimate, democratically-elected governments, a plan dictated by their (wise men from the west’s) socio-economic and political interests, in the effort to re-stablish indirect socio-economic and political control, by and through puppet regimes.
Recent past and prevailing worldwide socio-cultural, economic and political plans and activities of and by the “Political Powers of the West” have become dramatic, alarming, extremely deadly and on the increase. These adventures are due, mainly and simply, to excessive greed and graft, and inordinate desire to acquire the wealth – natural resources – of other states, meanly the world’s developing states and nations, through the use of their Superior Might – political, economic and military. This approach is a serious threat to international peace, security, mutual respect, understanding and cooperation, the cardinal requirement of the United Nations Organization.
The Overthrow & Imprisonment of Prime Minister of Iran For the information of the Liberian public, we begin with the overthrow and Imprisonment of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh of the State of Iran in mid-1950s. A scholar, writer, lawyer, politician and parliamentarian, Dr. Mossadegh was elected, democratically, as Prime Minister of Oil-rich Iran, but overthrown in a coup d’état in 1953, aided & abetted by a joint effort of (British) MI6 and (US) CIA State Intelligence Agencies.
According to Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia online, Mossadegh was an able administrator who “introduced a range of progressive social and political reforms such as social security, rent control, and land reforms. His government’s most notable policy . . . was the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, now known as British Petroleum (BP)”. A fierce nationalist patriot, “Many Iranians regard Mosadegh as the leading champion of secular democracy and resistance to foreign domination in Iran’s modern history”. Therefore, “Mosadegh was removed from power in a coup on 19 August 1953, organised and carried out by the (USA) CIA at the request of (British) MI6, which chose Iranian General Fazlollah Zahedi to succeed Mossadegh”.
The Coup d’état Plot The British government, over time, had grown increasingly distressed over Mossadegh’s nationalist policies and was extremely bitter over the loss of control of the Iranian oil industry. Repeated attempts to reach a settlement had failed and Prime Minister Mossadegh declared Britain an enemy and cut all diplomatic relations in October, 1952. Unable to resolve the issue single-handedly, the British Government turned to the United States of America, then under the Presidency of General Dwight Eisenhower.
In November and December, 1952, British intelligence officials suggested to American intelligence that the prime minister should be ousted. British prime minister Winston Churchill suggested to the US incoming Eisenhower administration that “Mossadegh would become dependent on the pro-Soviet Tudeh Party”, resulting in Iran, “increasingly turning towards communism” and towards the Soviet sphere at a time of high Cold War fears. After the Eisenhower administration had entered office in early 1953, the United States and the United Kingdom agreed to work together toward Mossadegh’s removal and began to publicly denounce Mossadegh’s policies for Iran as harmful to the country, Iran.
Accordingly, in March 1953, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles directed the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), then headed by his younger brother Allen Dulles, to draft plans for the overthrow of Prime Minister Mossadegh. On April 4, 1953, Allen Dulles approved $1 million to be used “in any way that would bring about the fall of Mosaddegh”. Immediately, the CIA’s Tehran station started to launch a propaganda campaign against Mossadegh. Finally, according to The New York Times, in early June, American and British intelligence officials met again, this time in Beirut, Lebanon, and put the finishing touches on the strategy. Soon afterward, according to his later published accounts, the chief of the CIA’s Near East and Africa division, Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. the grandson of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, arrived in Tehran to direct it (The New York Times, 2000).
The plot, known as Operation TPAjax Operation Ajax (the TP stood for “Tudeh party”), centered on convincing Iran’s Monarch (then accommodating Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was overthrown by Iranian Revolutionary Nationalists) to issue a decree to dismiss Mossadegh from office, as he had attempted some months earlier. But the Shah was terrified to attempt such a dangerously unpopular and legally questionable move. It would take much persuasion and many United States-funded meetings, which included bribing of the Shah’s his sister, Ashraf, with a mink coat and money, to successfully change his mind.
According to Dr. Donald N. Wilber, who was involved in the plot to remove Mossadegh from power, Iranian CIA operatives, in early August, pretending to be socialists and nationalists threatened Muslim leaders with “savage punishment if they opposed Mossadegh,” thereby giving the impression that Mossadegh was cracking down on dissent, and stirring anti-Mossadegh sentiments within the religious community A Referendum to dissolve parliament and give the prime minister power to make law was submitted to voters, and it passed with 99 percent approval, 2,043,300 votes to 1300 votes against. According to Mark J. Gasiorowski, “There were separate polling stations for yes and no votes, producing sharp criticism of Mossadeqh” and that the “controversial referendum . . . gave the CIA’s pre-coup propaganda campaign an easy target”. On or around August 16, 1953, Parliament was suspended indefinitely, and Mossadeqh’s emergency powers were extended, thanks to the coup effort by the CIA and MI6.
The Overthrow In August, 1953, the Shah or King of Iran, who was somewhat reluctant to go along with the plan, finally agreed to the overthrow of Prime Minister Mossadegh, after Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, Jr., the CIA Station Chief in Tehran, informed him that the United States would proceed with or without him. Accordingly, the Shah “signed issued two Decrees, formally, one dismissing Mossadegh as Prime Minister and the other nominating the CIA’s choice, (Iranian) General Fazlollah Zahedi, as Prime Minister”, consistent with the “Constitution during the Constitution Assembly of 1949, convened under martial law, at which time the power of the Monarchy was increased . . . by the Shah (Monarch) himself. As a precautionary measure, he (the Shah) flew to Baghdad (Iraq) and from there hid safely in Rome, Italy”.
It is important to note that the Decrees, signed and issued by the Shah, “were specifically written as dictated by Donald Wilber, the CIA architect of the plan”, designed as a major part of Wilber’s strategy to give the impression of legitimacy to the secret coup. This is shown that the leaked, declassified plan bears his name.
The resulting Impact
As expected, the government of the new Prime Minister, General Fazlollah Zahedi, reached agreement with foreign oil companies to form a consortium to “restore the flow of Iranian oil to world markets in substantial quantities”, giving the United States and Great Britain the lion’s share of Iran’s oil, the major objective of the removal and imprisonment of Prime Minister Mossadegh. Also, in return, the US funded, massively, the Shah’s resulting government, including his army and secret police force, SAVAK, until the Shah was overthrown in 1979.
According to world press reports, “Soon, massive protests, engineered by US Kermit Roosevelt’s CIA and UK’s MI6 Teams, took place across the city and elsewhere with tribesmen paid bribes to be ready to assist the coup d’état. Anti- and pro-monarchy protesters, both paid by Roosevelt, violently clashed in the streets, looting and burning mosques and newspapers, leaving, almost, 300 dead.
The pro-monarchy leadership, chosen, hidden and finally unleashed at the right moment by the CIA-MI6 team, led by retired army General and former Minister of Interior in “Mossadegh’s cabinet, Fazlollah Zahedi, joined with underground figures such as the Rashidian brothers and local strongman Shaban Jafari, to gain the upper hand on 19 August 1953 . . . The military joined on cue: pro-Shah tank regiments stormed the capital and bombarded the prime minister’s official residence, on Roosevelt’s cue, according to his book. Mossadegh managed to flee from the mob that set in to ransack his house, and, the following day, surrendered to General Zahedi, who was meanwhile set up by the CIA with makeshift headquarters at the Officers’ Club. Mossadegh was arrested at the Officers’ Club and transferred to a military jail shortly after. On 22 August, 1953, the Shah returned from Rome”.
As soon as the coup succeeded, many of Mossadegh’s former associates and supporters were tried, imprisoned, and tortured. Some were sentenced to death and executed. The minister of foreign affairs, the closest associate of Mossadegh, Hossein Fatemi, was executed by order of the Shah’s military court. The order was carried out by firing squad on October 29, 1953.
On December 21, 1953, Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh was sentenced to three years’ solitary confinement in a military prison, well short of the death sentence requested by prosecutors. Upon hearing of his sentence Mossadegh is reported to have said “The verdict of this court has increased my historical glories. I am extremely grateful you convicted me. Truly tonight the Iranian nation understood the meaning of constitutionalism”. He was kept under house arrest at his Ahmadabad residence, until his death on March 5, 1967.
Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh under house arrest in Ahmadabad
Beware of Wise Men (and Women) from the West – Part 2: Patrice Lumumba of DR Congo.
New York Times, Clandestine Service History – Overthrow of Premier Mossadegh of Iran – November 1952-August 1953, 2000. (www.nytimes.com/cia orchestrated 1953 coup in Iran)
Risen, James, Secrets of History: CIA in Iran 1953 & 1979, In New York Times.
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia online