U.K. -based global watchdog group Global Witness is calling upon Liberia’s Legislature to pass a Land Rights Act (LRA) that protects the land rights of rural Liberians and reject any versions of the LRA that strip rights from these communities.
A G.W. statement dated 18 August quotes Global Witness campaigner Jonathan Gant as saying “The LRA, if passed, should recognise that communities own their land and ensure local communities – and only local communities – have the power to say where their lands are and how they should be managed.”
The watchdog group believes that any Act that does not protect the ownership and management rights of rural landowners should be rejected by the legislature.
If the legislature passes a law that does not protect these rights, Global Witness urges President Ellen Johnson – Sirleaf to veto such law on grounds that the LRA is one of the most important laws the Liberian government could passed.
Global Witness observes that approximately 70 percent of Liberia’s population (3.3 million people) – live in rural areas and own the land which they depend on to make living based on customary laws that are based on collective ownership.
But the group notes that for generations, the Liberian government has failed to recognise this ownership, treating rural people as squatters rather than landowners, and allocating immense natural resource contracts on their land.
During the country’s lengthy civil war, this included logging contracts allowing companies to strip the peoples’ forests and abuse local populations, Global Witness indicates.
Following the war, the group says the Liberian Government awarded contracts covering some 20 percent of the country, including a large palm oil plantation to Golden Veroleum, which resulted in community protests.
As such, it is suggesting that the LRA could change this by formally recognising that rural communities own their land under customary law.
In doing so, Global Witness wants to see that the Act gives communities legal standing to consent to the award of new government contracts, empowering them to make decisions about how their land should be used.
The Act would also help people living in existing concessions, strengthen their bargaining position as companies like Golden Veroleum seek to expand their operations, Global Witness adds.
The LRA could serve as a way for communities to improve their lives, allowing them to use land as a means of obtaining credit with a legally-recognised asset as collateral.
Unfortunately, the group says the Liberian legislature has not made a full version of the law it is currently considering publicly available.
As such, it raises concerns that it is not clear whether if the LRA is passed, it will recognize customary ownership and ensure that it is local communities who are the ultimate managers of their land.
Global Witness believes that, if the LRA is to genuinely promote land ownership of rural communities it must be commensurate with Liberia’s 2013 Land Rights Policy and the draft LRA submitted to the legislature in 2014.
“It is deeply troubling that the Liberian legislature has not published a complete draft of the Act it is considering and it should do so immediately,” said Gant.
“If the legislature is hiding changes it has made to the Act that would disempower rural landowners, then the LRA must be rejected,” he concludes. –Press release