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CommentaryFeatures

The case of Liberia Under George Weah: Plenty for the Selected Few and Hunger for the Majority

By S. Karweaye

A good proportion of young people today were taught from primary school that agriculture is the mainstay of the Liberia economy. Agricultural Science as a subject is part of our educational curriculum and therefore taught at all levels of education.

Despite the constant emphasis on agriculture as a core aspect of the Liberia economy government officials, the sector has long since ceased to be the main revenue source since our country was formed. Israel is the poster child for a nation that has turned the odds in its favor agriculturally. More than half its land is desert and the climate is unsuitable for agriculture, yet, it is a world leader in agricultural technologies and a major exporter of fresh produce.

Only 20% of Israeli land is arable yet it produces 95% of its nutritional requirements.

Liberia on the other hand, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 2019 statistics, has a total land area of 9,632,000 hectares with an agricultural area of 1954.04 hectares. In simple terms, 36 percent or more of the land in Liberia is arable, out of which less than half is currently under cultivation. Not only do we have vast amounts of arable land, but we also have favourable weather for the year-round cultivation of crops.

Endowed with vast and varied natural resources, large biodiversity, lush vegetation, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia has enormous potential in food and cash crop production. 

Despite the foregoing, Liberia does not produce enough food for internal consumption. According to FAO, the 2020 national rice production was estimated at 270 000 tonnes, similar to the five‑year average and slightly below the previous year.

The 2020 FAO statistics placed Liberia among the highest importer of rice in the world, wheat, and sugar. Rice for human consumption accounts for over 80 percent of imports, while wheat and maize account for about 13 percent and 6 percent. Sadly, these are all products that can be grown locally and if managed properly, can be exported soon.

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It is saddening to know that Liberia once shone in its agricultural sector during the ’60s and ’70s is in such a deplorable state.

This was the period when agriculture was not as mechanized and technologically advanced as it is now. All these factors notwithstanding, Liberia competed satisfactorily in world exports. Liberia was also the largest exporter of rubber between the early 1960s and 70s.

Devastatingly, there was a decline from around 1974 till date; these days, Liberia does not feature among the top 5 rubber exporters in the world. Ivory Coast, a neighboring country best known as the world’s top cocoa producer, is presently Africa’s leading grower of natural rubber and the fourth largest in the world. Ivory Coast’s natural rubber output is expected to reach 1.1 million tonnes in 2021, up almost 16% from about 950,000 tonnes the previous year. Provisional port data showed that Ivory Coast exported 1.2 million tonnes of rubber in 2020.

For a country blessed with so many food production endowments, the 2022 Global Hunger Index (GHI) scored Liberia at 32.4. This index assesses all available data on hunger, undernourishment, and the pattern of food consumption within countries, and the higher the score, the more serious the nation’s hunger challenges.

According to the ranking, the score of 32.4 for Liberia, therefore, indicates a ‘serious’ hunger problem in the country. Ironically, nations like Iran, Kuwait, and Jordan which are substantially desert nations scored less than 10 on the GHI, indicating the near absence of hunger and malnutrition.

What exactly is the problem with past and current governments that the issue of food security – the adequate production and availability of food within the country is treated with such levity? Could it be that the daily provision of millions of US dollars maintenance of our government officials and their families has deluded our leaders from the hunger that abounds just outside the walls of their abode? Are our leaders so disconnected from the citizens that they do not appreciate the hunger and malnutrition problems that many households face daily? Let us look at the 2022 national budget approved by the legislature and signed into law by the President for some answers or lack of them. In the 2022 budget, the total provision for the Agricultural sector by the government of Liberia is put at U$7.3 million (0.9% of the budget) and was earmarked for recurrent expenses (compensation of employees, goods, and services as well as non-financial assets).

In 2003, one of the most prominent decisions arrived at during the African Union (AU) Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa was the “commitment to the allocation of at least 10 percent of national budgetary resources to agriculture and rural development policy implementation within five years”. 

Twenty (20) years after that declaration, Liberia’s budgetary provision for agriculture is less than 1%. Scrutinizing the budget further, it is worrying to see how the largest proportions of the funds are earmarked for recurrent spending. For instance, the Central Agricultural Research Institute has a total allocation of US$1,645,179 with US$1,110,044 for employee compensation.

There are compensations for goods and services (US$535,135), consultancy fees (US$40,000) as well as agricultural supplies & input (151,000). Liberia is not in the top ten in terms of global rubber exports.

Despite this, we believe that if the funds were tipped more in favor of capital expenditure on research and development, extension, and technical support services, we may just move up to be among the top ten or five sometime soon. Many more of these lopsided expenditures abound within the agricultural sector.

The Liberia Agriculture Commodity Regulatory Authority (LACRA)has a total allocation of US$550,107. The compensation of employees is $456,510. Good and service is put at $93,597. One wonders what deliverables accrue to the nation and citizens from all the huge recurrent spending.

For the agricultural sector to be restored as the mainstay of our economy, the spending priorities of the governments must genuinely reflect a national commitment to the sector. Allocating US$7 million of the budget to the agricultural sector, while relying on donor projects from USAID, EU, IDA, AFDB, etc. to assist the sector is insufficient to enable us to attain the food sufficiency we direly need, much less position us to be a major exporter of cash crops.

The African Union (AU) target of 10% of the budget applies particularly more to the central governments where most of the actual cultivation and production of crops take place. Even with Donor projects toward the agricultural sector in Liberia, we are still at 9% which is below the AU threshold. Agriculture must be made a priority bearing in mind that some of our resources are non-renewable, finite resources that will be exhausted sometime in the future, or replaced by greener or cheaper alternatives.

The budgetary allocation figures also need to be tilted sharply in favor of capital expenditures. Agriculture is a practical and ground-based profession. The enormous personnel costs incurred by redundant government employees add little or nothing to the development of our agricultural sector. Those monies budgeted for the research institutes need to be invested in the real or pilot production sites (farms) and the acquisition of the seedlings, fertilizers, chemicals, and equipment required to make them boost crop output. Better coordination with infrastructural Ministries, Departments, and Agencies (MDAs) to aggressive investment in storage capacities, low-interest loans, and greater extension and support services should command the attention of agricultural policymakers at governmental levels.

Studies indicate that every US dollar spent on agricultural research produces nine dollars’ worth of added food in developing countries. Agricultural research that successfully drove the first Green Revolution in Asia can do the same in Liberia.

This does not refer to wasteful expenditure on personnel cost, engaging in excessive domestic and international travel, purchasing unneeded SUVs, and other pea-brained budget heads that constitute the bulk of typical ministries, departments, and agencies’ recurrent expenditures.

A worthwhile investment in biotechnological hardware, and software, and attracting the best and brightest minds to agricultural research will pay off in the medium to long term. Liberia must attain food sufficiency so that the paradox of hunger amid plenty will no longer apply to us. I rest my case.

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NewDawn

The New Dawn is Liberia’s Truly Independent Newspaper Published by Searchlight Communications Inc. Established on November 16, 2009, with its first hard copy publication on January 22, 2010. The office is located on UN Drive in Monrovia Liberia. The New Dawn is bilingual (both English & French).

7 Comments

  1. Thank you, S.Karweaye for another brilliant piece back by facts. I remembered vividly , your numerous writings on Ellen led government and you were spot on. Ellen let lots of us down and you were right all along. I have been following your writings on Weah and his CDC government and for me you have remained truthful to yourself and your Adu diem r. You are a truth patriot. Keep educating us on the issues that are keeping our country down.

    @Smith Whyte, only idiot like you will sit at the comfort of your computer or phone & spit nonsense . How dumb can one be? Are you insensitive to the plight of Liberian people under George Weah? Read with comprehension. Did S. Karweaye said the problem of food insecurity started under Weah or he provided us an analysis on food insecurity in Liberia under Weah. Weah has been President for 6 years now, what is his excuse? Look what is given to the agriculture sector over the years since Weah took office, does it look like Weah is serious about tackling food security ? Are you that stupid that you can’t see this, you ignoramus? It is shame that instead of addressing the author’s article, you on here with irrelevant grandstanding. You are another damn tribalist spitting hate. Write your own article so we can analyze it too or else Shut Up. Damn idiot.

  2. Peter Wilson, I stand by my posts, I stand by the teeth of every word without wavering!

    This pseudo nationalist of a S. Karweaye is part of the Liberian problems!

    This idiot is spewing the misconceptions that all of Liberian’s problems were brought on by Mr Weah in his frenzy zealotry of unpatriotic ran course.

    This is why Liberia is heading nowhere because there calculated ploys by the few to misinform and dissuade Libetia’s renaissance!

    We will fire back at these traitors who want to inflame our country for political cause!

  3. Madam Esther, forget it, go sleep, Nimba’s presidency is off the book in Liberia!

    Nimba has reputational problems of war, violence, power greed, tribalism, and nepotism!

    Put one Nimba man in any office, that office will become Nimba County!
    I went to school with them, I worked with them! That’s who they are, warlike and violent!
    Nimbians killed a sitting president, that’s a generational stigma!

    Do you know the story of Tapita? Do you know how the Nimba people murdered the Kru man Tarpeh who migrated there and established that place? And did you know that Tarpeh cursed Nimba County that none of the Nimba people would ever ascend to the presidency!

    Go back there and make amend before talking about becoming president in Liberia!

    Which Liberian would put a Gio or Mano man in the mansion? God forbid, a Nimba president, that’s in your dream, Esther!
    S.
    S. Karweaye and other Nimbians are in government in lucrative positions yet, like late president’s Doe days, they are undermining and smuggling weapons and others to unseat another dually elected government, and you think Liberians should support that!

  4. Smith Whyte,
    The author is NOT from Nimba, but from the Southeastern region so take your outbursts against the Nimba people. Read and analyze what the author wrote instead of raving.

  5. Smith Whyte,

    Firstly, Nimba is the second largest county in terms of population. So what makes an idiot like you think Nimba person can be president? Take tribalism and bigotry bullshit from here. Shame on you. Thank you, Seltue for such a sound article. Keep exposing the deficiencies in government. We rather have this discourse instead of picking up arms to kill each other.

  6. @Smithy Whyte
    Seltue Karweaye is NOT from Nimba. He is from River Gee County. Even if he was from Nimba so what? You refused to analyze what the man wrote but came out with a lazy argument of tribalism. What kind of nonsense is this? I have been following the author’s numerous articles and must commend him for always speaking truth to power. This article is written with statistics that can’t be refuted by you or the Liberia government.

  7. S. Karweaye, a great number of Nimbians like yourself are the root cause of Liberia’s woes today!
    The dirty Nimba politics that enraged this country into madness agitated by yourself and other fringed Nimba elements will never succeed this time around!
    Get this straight-Liberia is unprepared for a Nimba president and never will Liberians ever elect a Nimbian to the presidency!
    You hard core tribalist, your attempts at undermining successive governments by the bleats of your nonsensical posts, have failed!
    No matter what, never again will Liberians ever be lured by Nimba’s dirty politics to undermine the security of our country!
    Go underground, incite as many students, smuggle whatever you want but they will catch up with you, eventually and you will be caught and exposed, you evil Gio man !

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